Low back pain is a common complaint in America. It may arise as result of injury but ususally there is no specific cause. There are many potential causes of low back pain. The pain may originate from many different structures including your spine bones, disks, facet joints, muscles, ligaments,chest and abdomen, etc. Please see What Causes Back Pain? for more information.
X-ray is not a sufficient workup for back pain, most people need at least an MRI scan to properly evaluate their back. Sometimes they need special diagnostic injections called pain mapping. This may include diagnostic transforaminal nerve blocks, medial branch blocks and discogram.
Unless a serious cause of back pain is found most doctors recommend to start with conservative treatment, such as rest, physical therapy to improve core muscle strength and flexibility, non steroidal anti-inflammatory medications, pain medicine and steroid injections. Patients who do not improve may benefit from surgery. Please see When Should I Consider Back Surgery?
Depending on the cause of the pain patients may benefit from disk surgery (What is Sciatica?), lumbar laminectomy (Overview of Spinal Stenosis), lumbar fusion (Spinal Fusion and alternate Options) or vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty (Kyphoplasty – what is it?).
For more information please Schedule an Appointment. Good Luck!